The most affected by climate change in recent years has been the agricultural sector. According to the EPA, in a span of just fifty years, the growth of crop yields has been affected by at least 21% due to unusual climatic events. There is an increasing need to reduce this loss. With eighty percent of the world’s arable land in use already, the impending challenge is to increase our crop yields by revolutionary methods to feed the ever-growing world population. It is here that horticulture techniques such as greenhouse and vertical farming come to the rescue.
Role of LEDs
One of the major elements which make horticulture functional is Grow lights. Grow lights allow horticulture professionals to grow food in controlled environments sans the interferences from the vagaries of nature. In the initial days of horticulture, HID lamps were the go-to lights. They were power guzzlers in the real sense. Their bad reputation was further fueled by the exorbitant amount of heat that they generated, which apart from causing a lot of safety issues, had the tendency to damage the very plants that were being grown. They were eventually replaced with a bit more efficient fluorescent lamps. But, the further advent of technology introduced LED Grow lights. Its use has increased the efficiency of growing food by manifold.
As acceptance of new farming techniques is on the rise, so is the market for LED Grow Lights. The Global LED Grow Light market is set to reach $2.6 billion by the year 2021. Their energy efficiency, increased spectrum control, lifespan and low heat generation are few of the factors spurring this steady demand. The other factors steering its growth are an increased emphasis on food security and environmental concerns.